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〔重刊〕臺灣出席2009年世界衛生大會:國民黨務實外交的勝利?

藉由「武漢肺炎」蔓延全球,臺灣參與世衛的課題,再次引起國際社會激烈爭議。自1972年中華民國在世衛的成員資格被中華人民共和國取代,臺灣一直被排除於全球衛生治理體系之外,至2008年與北京友好的國民黨馬英九政府上台,才於隔年以「中華臺北」的名義獲邀出席世界衛生大會(WHA),直到2016年民進黨再度執政,又因北京阻撓而中止至今。實際上,當2009年成為WHA觀察員,臺灣內部曾就此身分背後的主權意涵爭論不休。際此課題再現,在此重刊筆者當時的分析文章,以資參考: Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on 2020/05/19 in International Affairs

 

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WHA:Victory of Taiwan’s Pragmatic Diplomacy? (2 of 2) WHA:臺灣務實外交的勝利?(二之二)

According to the most up-to-date list of participants announced by WHA, Chinese Taipei is put under the category of Observers after SMOM, ICRC, IFRC and Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) (all of them gained observer status earlier than Chinese Taipei).  As mentioned last time, this category ranks after Members, Associate Members and Observers for a Nonmember State (Holy See), and precedes Observers invited in accordance with Resolution WHA27.37 (Palestine) and representatives of IGOs and INGOs.  Each of the other four members in this category has its exclusive international identity.  SMOM is a territorial-free sovereign entity under international law.  Despite lack of UN membership, it has established formal diplomatic relations with over 100 countries.  ICRC and IFRC possess special status under international humanitarian regime principally the Geneva Convention.  As for IPU, it is formed by parliaments of member countries that differs it from both IGOs and INGOs by nature.

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WHA:Victory of Taiwan’s Pragmatic Diplomacy? (1 of 2) WHA:臺灣務實外交的勝利?(二之一)

The granting of observer status to Chinese Taipei by World Health Assembly (WHA) has been subject to bitter controversy in Taiwan recently.  The major criticism by the pro-independence Pan-Green camp is that this so-called success is indeed achieved with the tacit consent of Beijing at the expense of Taiwan’s sovereignty.  To prove the validity of such critic, let’s take a look at the “List of Delegates and Other Participants” of the 61st WHA in 2008 about the composition of WHA –

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